The United Nations Migration Agency has indicated that globally, about 25 million people are displaced annually due to climate induced disasters.
It also said in Africa, floods and droughts were the main drivers of climate disasters that were displacing many people from their natural habitats.
Speaking at the on-going Climate Change Conference (COP23) in Bonn, Germany, Ms Mariam Chazalnoel Traore, the Thematic Expert, Migration, Environment and Climate Change at the United Nations Migration Agency said most of the displaced people stayed within the countries leading to economic and health issues.
She said as most people also migrated for economic reasons others also migrated to escape political and religious persecution.
In the last two decades, climate induced disasters had forced more people to migrate internally than ever before.
This, the UN Migration Agency had described as worrying if climate issues were not seriously tackled by the governments.
Ms Traore said countries needed to put in place migration and distressed emergency plans and other relocation contingencies.
Mr Atle Solberg, Head Coordination Unit, Platform on Disaster Displacement, said in Africa, countries within the horn of Africa and some southern African countries were the most affected by climate disasters.
He said Somalia and Ethiopia in the horn of Africa were also affected by conflict and drought and significant people from Southern Africa, especially, Mozambique and Malawi were also being affected by flood.
“The main drivers in Africa are flooding and drought. These two drivers are displacing people”, he noted.
He urged countries to endeavour to use their internally tools relating to disaster management, civil protection and emergency responses, more effectively to address the issues of climate disasters which occur within their borders.
Flooding and drought are the main climate change disasters that affect Africa, especially countries in the Southern Africa including Mozambique and Malawi.