The name Himachal Pradesh literally translates to “In the lap of the Himalayas”. Shimla, the “Queen of Hills” is the capital of Himachal Pradesh. The most widely spoken language here is Hindi. Both the Ganges and Indus basins receive water from Himachal Pradesh.
Where is Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is located in the western part of the Himalayas. Regions in Himachal Pradesh have an elevation of about 300 7000 meters above sea level. Himachal Pradesh is surrounded by Jammu & Kashmir in the North, Punjab in the west, Haryana and Uttarakhand in the south. Himachal Pradesh shares international borders with Tibet Autonomous Region in its east.
Shimla, and Dharamsala, Kullu and Manali are important cities in Himachal Pradesh.
Shimla is the capital and the largest city in the state. Dharamsala, a popular buddhist pilgrim destination is also the home of the current Dalai Lama. Kullu and Manali are tourist destinations with abundant beauty.
Places to Visit
Himachal Pradesh is loaded with natural beauty and scenic locations that make it a tourist’s delight.
Shimla, one of the most beautiful hill stations in India has many tourist attractions. The Ridge, Potters hill, Jakhoo Hills, Mall Road, Tara Devi and the British era buildings are famous. Bir is the home to a large Tibetian community and beautiful Buddhist monasteries. Dalhousie is a hill resort that has retained its old world Victorian charms.
Kullu Valley, situated on the banks of River Beas, is famous for the apple orchards, ancient temples, festivals, woolen apparels and handicrafts.
Kullu and Manali are buzzing hill stations that are flocked by tourists from all over the country during summer.
Trekking is a very common sight here. There are beautiful passages to trek in Himachal Pradesh. Some of them are as follows:
Baralacha–Chandratal trek, BirBhangal Trek, Wild Trek in Kullu Valley, Malana history trek, DarchaLamayuru Trek, Bhaba Pass Trek and DeoTibba expedition. Buddhism and Yoga are taught in many places across Himachal Pradesh.
How to Reach
Air: The nearest International airport is in Delhi, from where regular flights ply to important International destinations. There are 3 domestic airports in Himachal Pradesh: Shimla, Gaggal and Bhuntar airports. There are regular flights that connect Shimla to Delhi.
Rail: Railway tracks are not accessible in all parts of Himachal Pradesh. One railway line from Pathankot to Jogindernagar connects Punjab with Himachal Pradesh. Another narrow gauge railway line connects Shimla with Kalka. There are trains from Kalka to other major cities in India.
Road: The hilly regions of Himachal Pradesh make roadways the most preferred option to commute from one place to other. There are 8 National Highways and 19 State Highways with regular buses plying from the state to all the cities and hill stations.