A proportion of Ghanaian population using improved drinking water services has improved whiles the proportion of the population using safely managed sanitation services has also increased, a Voluntary National Report [VNR]authored by National Development Planning Commission[NDPC], has revealed.
It said significant improvement in quality of water within Ghana’s three basins were also recorded. Ghana according to the report is not water stressed though water availability per capita had been decreasing.
Ms Patience Ampomah, a Planning Analyst who made the report public at a media workshop in Accra said, open defecation which is 20% is still a source of concern to Government and policy makers.
The report according to the NDPC Planning Analyst detailed what the country has achieved so far when it comes to Sustainable Development Goals [SDGs].
On good health and well-being, Ms Ampomah says there was increased access to health and essential medicine with decline in maternal mortality.
Regarding the proportion of birth attended by skilled health personnel, she said, saw an increase.
Commenting on less than five mortality rate, VNR said, it is dropping while malaria incidence rate is increasing.
Issues concerning affordability and clean energy also find space in the report; the NDPC Planning Analyst stated that, access to electricity had improved with 81.1% of Ghanaians connected to the national grid.
Usage of electricity or Liquefied Petroleum Gas as a source of cooking fuel according to Ms. Ampomah had increased. Unemployment, the VNR stated, increased from 11.6% in 2015 to 14.1% in 2017.
Unemployment, the report said, remains high in urban areas [16.7%] compared to rural areas which stood at 11.4%.
Ghanaians living below the international poverty line, the NDPC Planning Analyst, stated had declined from 13.6% to 11.9% in the year 2017.
Ms. Ampomah says incidence of child poverty in Volta, Northern, Upper West and Upper East regions was higher than the national average.
She adds that 73.4% of children are estimated to be multidimensional poor based on 8 well-being measures of nutrition; health learning and development; child protection; water; sanitation; housing including information.
Government spending on education and health according to VNR had improved. On education, the report said, primary and SHS School enrolment had also improved.
Gender parity, it said, has been achieved in basic schools while quality of education and educational outcomes remain a concern.
The report said there are differences based on location [urban and rural] and wealth quintile with enrolment rate in special school had also improved.
Source: Adovor Nutifafa