China pledges US$15bn to Ghana’s development agenda


China has pledged some $15 billion dollars to fund Ghana’s government’s massive economic transformation agenda, with the likelihood that a further four billion dollars would be committed for various development projects across the country.

The commitment by the Chinese is based on a financing module presented by the government of Ghana, seeking for partnerships to fund its development agenda, leveraging on the utilization of a minute fraction of its untapped and proven mineral resources, instead of outright borrowing which strangulates the economy.

Vice President Mahamudu Bawumia, at the head of a high level government delegation to China, returned home on Sunday after a four-day official visit to that country with an armful of new economic agreements that are expected to kick-start the New Patriotic Party government’s ambitious plan to improve Ghana’s economic performance and fortunes.

“We have had some good listening as far as our visit to China is concerned…and our efforts have begun to bear fruits. China and its private sector have committed to support the economic transformation agenda of President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo,” he said when briefing the media on the outcome of the visit to China on his arrival in Accra.

“So far, the commitment that we got in China before leaving amounted to a total of $15 billion and there is a possibility that within the next month, when some discussions are concluded, another 4 billion dollars would be added to that.”

Vice President Bawumia said the visit, an invitation by the Chinese government, was used to market Ghana and the vision of the President to move the country away from aid to trade and partnerships that would lend support to his ambition to industrialise and improve the infrastructure of the country.

He said the delegation made a case for the enhancement of the development of partnership with China based on trade investment and not aid; a partnership for shared prosperity for the benefit of both countries, which the Chinese government and that country’s private sector found plausible.

The Vice President said that given Ghana’s precarious economic situation, there was need for a paradigm shift in capital funding of developmental projects, thus government is finding new ways to finance the country’s development goal, and deviate from “borrowing ourselves out of space” and seek partnerships   and financing modules that would not strangulate the economy.

“Going to China, we were well aware of Ghana’s economic situation. We needed what really amounts to a big bang approach and a marshal plan for Ghana… and the kind of needs we have in the areas of water, energy, railways, sanitation, road etc, are so massive that we needed a sort of marshal plan to be able to lay the foundation for the strategy of agricultural transformation as well as industrialisation”

Thus, the delegation presented a credible economic programme of transformation, explaining  the ‘One District, One Factory,  One Village, One Dam, the planting for food and jobs, and a gamut of policies across various sectors, as well as a portfolio of priority projects; which the Chinese found credible and one that they felt they could support as partners

The delegation also presented a financing module based on the fact that Ghana would leverage on a minute fraction of its untapped and proven mineral resources to fund its marshal plan of development and all capital intensive projects.

Ghana has a proven reserve of about 2.8 billion metric tonnes of iron ore; 160 million metric tonnes of bauxite; 430 million metric tonnes of manganese and 430 metric tonnes of limestone, excluding gold and oil.

Vice President explained that Ghana’s bauxite reserves alone would get the country about $460 billion at current market prices and “Our case is that if we need just 20 billion dollars to do a major massive marshal plan and we have 460 billion dollars sitting in the ground… what we really need is to develop a financing module that utilizes a small fraction of those reserves to finance infrastructure”.

He said the delegation was also successful at renegotiating the reactivation of the remainder of the entire three billion dollar master facility that was given to Ghana under the previous administration.

One billion dollars was disbursed for the Atuabo gas plant but the remaining two billion was frozen for certain reasons and “we were able to successfully address some of the concerns and they agreed to unfreeze that amount,” Dr Bawumia said.

The China Exim bank also made a committment to release One billion dollars to support Ghana’s infrastructure.

“We have come home and we are going to prioritize those infrastructures that would be financed by the MOU; there are many priorities and we would see which projects would go under the MOU

“It’s a massive show of confidence by the Chinese and it has come about because of the confidence in the President and his government and also the module that we have designed for financing the projects,” he said.

Additionally, the Chinese government by way of grant also agreed to provide 14 million dollars to government as grant and an additional Seven million dollars for the Ghana army.

China also agreed to fund the construction of 90 bridges across the country following a proposal presented by the delegation.  That country would also make good on a previous commitment to supply the Ghana navy with four patrol boats for coastal security.

They have also agreed to construct an interchange at “Point 7” in Tamale, the capital of the Northern region.

Vice President Bawumia was confident that Ghana’s ties with China could only be strengthened.

Her was accompanied on the visit by some Ministers of State including; Senior Minister, Mr Yaw Osafo Maafo; Trade Minister Alan Kwadwo Kyerematen; Mr Joseph Ghartey, Minister for Railways and Kwaku Ofori Asiamah, Minister of Transport.

The rest were Mr Joseph Kofi Adda, Minister of Sanitation and Water Resources; Charles Adu Boahen, Deputy Minister for Finance; Mohammed Amin Adam, Deputy Minister of Energy; Mohammed Habib Tijani, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs; Mrs Gifty Ohene Konadu, Coordinator of the ‘One District One Factory’ initiative and Reginald Yoofi Grant, the Chief Executive of the Ghana Investment Promotion Centre.


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