The current global population estimated at 7.6 billion as of July 2018 by the United Nations statistics as according to Worldometers.
According to the report, an estimated 214 million women in developing countries have an unmet need for modern contraception.
It also reveals that, almost half of the estimated 56 million abortions carried out worldwide each year are unsafe, leading to the deaths of at least 22,800 women every year, due to a combination of lack of access to contraception, strict laws on abortion and the stigma around terminations.
The report further intimated that, “In 2017 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 690,353. Due to external migration, the population declined by 11,080. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.040 (1,040 males per 1 000 females) which is higher than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2017.
Below are the key figures for Ghana population in 2017:
950,584 live births
Natural increase: 690,353 people
Net migration: -11,080 people
14,829,609 males as of 31 December 2017
14,259,240 females as of 31 December 2017
Ghana population 2018
During 2018 Ghana population was projected to increased by 695,514 people and reach 29,784,363 in the beginning of 2019. The natural increase was expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 706,859. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 11,345 due to the migration reasons.
This according to the report meant that, the number of people who leave Ghana to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).
Population change rates in 2018
According to their estimations, daily change rates of Ghana’s population in 2018 will be as follows:
2,667 live births average per day (111.11 in an hour)
730 deaths average per day (30.42 in an hour)
-31 emigrants average per day (-1.30 in an hour)
The population of Ghana will be increased by 1,906 persons daily in 2018.
Demographics of Ghana 2017
As of 1 January 2018, the population of Ghana was estimated to be 29,088,849 people. This is an increase of 2.39 % (679,273 people) compared to population of 28,409,576 in 2017.”
Ghana’s population is equivalent to 0.39 percent of the total world population as Ghana ranks number 49 in the latest list of countries (dependencies) by population.
The population density currently stands at 129 km2 (335 people per mi 2 ) the total land area, 227,540 km2 (87,854,sq miles) in which 54.4% of the population are urban (16,018,511 people in 2018) and the median age in Ghana also hangs around 20.5 years.
In the wake of the aforementioned, Mrs. Mercy Besseah, Acting Ashanti Regional National Population Council Officer has indicated that, the negative impacts of over population on the national economy calls for immediate attention.
She underscored the need to resource the National Population Council and the Ghana Statistical Service in order to provide the government with accurate data on the country’s population which would inform policy formulation and implementation.
According to her, family planning was a human right. Saying, it saves lives and that, it was necessary to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially, eradicating extreme poverty, hunger, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality, empowering women, and ensuring environmental sustainability.
She was Speaking during the World Population Day celebration which is used to create the awareness about population issues like family planning, human rights, right to health, gender equality, child marriage, use of contraceptives, sex education, and knowledge about sexually transmitted disease.
The occasion which was held at Bankroagya, a farming community in the Ejisu Municipality on 12th July, 2018, was dubbed, “Family Planning is a Human Right: An imperative to the Sustainable Economic Development”.
Mrs. Mercy Besseah, however called on government to consider family planning as a human right and also be responsible by ensuring that it was incorporated in the family planning policies and care in the country.
She further called on Ghanaians on the need to practice family planning which will improve their lives and also protect them from any unwanted pregnancy as well as giving birth at a reasonable intervals.
To grace the occasion, the Queenmother of Ejisu Abenaase, Nana Yaa Norsowaa II, charged the people of the community and Ghanaians as a whole to demonstrate what ever lessons the WPD celebration has brought to them, in order to plan their families well enough to boost economic growth.
Again, Nana Yaa Norsowaa II, encouraged people of the community to embrace community gatherings of that nature and also assured that, they were working assiduously for the community to have weighing activities regularly.