Home Headlines The economy of Ghana is at great risk

The economy of Ghana is at great risk

Ghana Cedi
Ghana Cedi
wpid-ghanacedis.jpgThe economy of Ghana is at great risk. It is a well known fact that one of the greatest tragedies that can befall an economy is devising a strategic approach to quality education using the lenses of partisan politics. The progress of education in the country is being exposed to the strong winds of divisive politics. Recent happenings are beyond understanding. The benefits of development have simply eluded the majority poor and the fear of insecurity has erupted with the new revolution of disaster and hopelessness amid the already disenchanted youth. Indeed, politicians are playing havoc with the economy and it?s about time much attention was given to the failing economy.
The state of education in Ghana was reported on education published in 1983 in the United States to find out the progress of the country?s education. This article therefore seeks to bring into focus the state of Ghana?s education sector in order to ensure the optimum for growth in the light of high illiteracy rate and poor formal education in the country.
Duration of SHS education .It is palpable that the importance of education in Ghana is gradually being compromised simply because of politics. Are politicians not toying with our educational system? For the past 20 years, educational policies have become pendulums swinging to and fro needlessly. Prior to the questions raised about the viability of the change of the four years duration of senior high school adopted by the New Patriotic Party; the cabinet of the incumbent government has approved to revert to the three years duration. If the decision to retain the three years duration was contained in the NDC manifesto meaning it would be pending implementation when in office, why then the need to organize the stakeholders forum that sought to consider the desirability of either the three or four years duration of the SHS education? Is this not wastage of state funds? It is a fact to establish that the blatant change in the duration of the SHS education means Ghana is gradually heading into a seemingly irreversible tragedy. This is very distressing to the livelihoods of the ordinary people considering the high cost of education. It is high time the falsehoods of politics in the country were relegated to the background for the reality of salient issues to prevail. Whether three years or four years, it is imperative for the country to adopt a long-term education plan that would be binding to any political party that comes to power.
Segregation Education policy in Ghana has not enjoyed broad political support. Public education is generally regarded as a distributive policy thereby benefiting the entire community. However, this is not the situation in Ghana. As much as racial segregation in most public schools increased astronomically in the United States up to the 1970s, so are geographical, financial and political segregation in facilities distribution rife in the educational sector in Ghana. This sector of the education sector has been neglected for so long and it accounts for the poor student performances of late. It is therefore not surprising that not a single pupil from korle gonno rc boys basic school in korle gonno has passed the BECE for the past eight years. The question is what has become of the fate of these students? Segregation has utterly dimmed the glittering importance of public education which is a necessity for the survival of individuals and communities and a precondition for a democratic society.
In considering the state of geographical segregation, the urban population purportedly benefits enormously in the provision of public and private schools and related facilities to the total neglect of those in the rural areas. Those third pattern of education in Ghana was started during the colonial period where educational provision was directedly related to the proximity of the coast to the neglect of the hinterlands, recent post-independence governments have as well strictly kept to this system.
This structure also explains that wide development disparity between the urban and the rural areas. Children have to walk long distances to different communities to assess education. The ordeal of these rural folks in the country to be educated which is their fundamental human right is evidenced in the poor performance and high school dropout rates in the rural areas. It should be noted with concern that children in the poorest rural areas not only have less chance of going to school they have much less chance of going to good schools.
Almost all facilities required by a school for higher performances are located in the urban areas. It is therefore not surprising that it is those that attend schools in the urban areas that have the opportunity to attend the so called big schools like Premepeh College, Mfantipim, Wesley Girls High School ?Achimota, just to mention them but a few and the possible chance to proceed to the universities. In the special case of financial segregation, low- income earners who are mostly found in the rural areas are subjected to a lot of tremors. Fees charging serve to exclude the poor from pursuing quality education. Those who lived in the urban areas and attend schools there are better positioned to excel as it is not the case in the rural areas. But for the intervention of Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education, this problem would have been very devastating. Nonetheless, the problem still persists. The purchase of books, uniforms, transport and accommodation also put a lot of financial burden on poor parents and students and thus as a process of exclusion of the poor from enjoying better education.
One of the most obvious and unfortunate forms of segregation in the country is political. Political segregation has assumed sophisticated heights of late in the development of Ghana. Government in the country are moved to increase infrastructure level including education facilities to their perceived strongholds during elections. This has resulted in the complete deprivation of education facilities in some communities regarded to be unsupportive to the government. The way and manner the school-Feeding Programme was politicized resulted in poor rural communities being completely left out while communities in the rural areas benefited. Politics has vehemently derailed the progress of the economy and unless this attitude is changed, Ghana?s development would continue to be a mocking mirage. Wear free school uniforms and sit under trees to learn or walk long distance to another community to assess education.
Unraveling the cover-ups According to the World Bank Report, Re-thinking the East Asian Miracle in 2001, countries in East Asian concentrated on primary and secondary education for both boys and girls as a priority over prestigious higher education for a few. This catapulted their growth and development which would remain a hallmark in the world?s history of development.
If indeed, education is a panacea to poverty alleviation then the expansion of quality of education both formal and informal should be given the utmost priority by the government, NGO?s and civic society organization Education policies should be skewed towards the expansion of quality education in the rural areas . Empowerment, make strides in considering special education in rural areas policy that will serve to ensure vigorous enhancement of quality education including good and enough motivated teachers. It would also inculcate the possibilities of combining the nutritional, social and the educational status of people in the rural areas to ensure higher performances and training of high skilled labor force. The government should therefore engage the increased participation of the private sector in ensuring the equitable distribution of the benefits of quality primary and secondary education. Though the government has allocated 35% of the national budget to education according to the minister of education, ensuring that quality education would prove futile if the primary and secondary education is neglected in the rural areas .Based on the fact that education is a precondition for a democratic society, Ghana would be more strategically positioned as a developed democratic country when the best is achieved concerning? expending the net of basic public education in the rural areas and providing quality facilities. We can make it if an enabling environment is created for better education for all.
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