Ethiopian report blames all parties to conflict for human rights violations

Ethiopian Tigray
Ethiopian Tigray

The Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) has blamed all parties to the conflict in the northern part of Ethiopia for grave human rights violations, mainly widespread killings of civilians.

The EHRC, in its first of its kind Human Rights Situation Report released on Friday, said a number of grave human rights violations were committed against civilians both by state and non-state actors in the context of the conflict that resulted in widespread civilian deaths.

“Government forces, Tigray forces and other armed groups killed hundreds of civilians and inflicted psychosocial and physical injuries; sexual and gender based violence targeting civilians, including women, children, older persons and persons with disability,” said EHRC Chief Commissioner Daniel Bekele while presenting the report.

The report, which covers the period between June 2021 to June 2022, indicated that all parties to the conflicts have committed serious international human rights and humanitarian law violations against civilians in the context of the conflict.

“In areas where the conflict took place, the right to live, the right to security of persons, the right to justice, the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment have been violated,” Bekele said, highlighting the violations were carried out in extreme brutality.

The report further said captured members of the parties to the conflicts have also been subjected to violations in some police stations and irregular detention places where detainees were subject to unlawful treatment and pre-trial detentions and beatings.

Abusing the state of emergency that was enforced during the period, widespread arbitrary and unlawful detentions in irregular places were committed, said the report noting that in some areas court orders were totally ignored.

The chief commissioner also said hundreds of civilians have been killed and injured in Wellega zone of Oromia region as well as in Gambella and Benishangul-Gumuz regions by the armed group of the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA).

“Non-state actors are responsible for large scale human rights violations,” the commission said in the report submitted to the House of Peoples’ Representatives (HoPR).

“Over 4 million internally displaced persons still await durable solutions and depend on humanitarian assistance,” said the report, which calls for political solutions to end the conflict and death of civilians. Enditem

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