Experts Brand South China Sea Arbitration as a political circus

South China Sea arbitration a political farce: experts

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South China Sea
South China Sea

The South China Sea arbitration unilaterally submitted by the Philippines is a political farce under legal pretext, and the award of the arbitration tribunal has no binding forces, a number of veteran international experts voiced their support to China’s stance after the tribunal in The Hague announced its verdict on Tuesday despite China’s repeated objection.

After the Aquino III administration of the Philippines filed the case in 2013, China has reiterated its stance of non-participation, non-acceptance and non-recognition on many occasions.

Neglecting legal basis and factual information, the tribunal’s decision will be void, experts said, calling for a peaceful solution to the South China Sea disputes through dialogue and consultation.

William Jones, Washington Bureau chief for Executive Intelligence Review, the magazine of the fringe LaRouchite movement, told the People’s Daily that the tribunal has no say on the issues related to territory and sovereignty.

Comparing the Philippines to a sport team who bribed the referee before the game, he noted that from the very start, the arbitration aimed to defame China as a violator of international law and request it give up claims on its territory.

Jones predicted that the US and its allies will pressure China to “obey the international law” while persuading the Philippines to maintain its position by all means.
The basis of law and morality will be damaged once a contractor of a multilateral treaty seeks for interests beyond the treaty by using the ambiguities in it, said Joseph Klein, a UN correspondent for the far-right website Canada Free Press.

The arbitrary behaviors of the tribunal have wrecked the dispute settlement mechanism based on diplomacy and negotiations among the contracting states, Klein pointed out.
The abuse of power in favor of its own narrow interests undermines national sovereignty and the international rule of law, he added.

Hailing China’s insistence and restraint in the disputes, Heinz Korffmann, a professor from the University of Potsdam, expressed his support for China’s position.

Adhering to the path of peaceful development, China has been safeguarding the international rule of law, as well as the equity and justice of the world, he said.

Korffmann also praised China’s efforts to maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea, saying that the country has been dedicated to peacefully resolving disputes by negotiation and consultation with parities directly involved based on historical facts and international law.

Dialogue and consultation by the parties directly concerned based on the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea are the only correct and feasible approach to address the disputes and safeguard peace and stability in the South China Sea, Korffmann concluded.

(推送稿)各国专家学者批南海仲裁案是政治闹剧

人民日报记者 章念生 吴云 管克江

菲律宾南海仲裁案临时仲裁庭7月12日作出非法无效的所谓最终裁决。对此,中方多次声明,菲律宾阿基诺三世政府单方面提起的仲裁违背国际法,临时仲裁庭没有管辖权,中国不接受、不参与、不承认。各国专家学者在接受人民日报记者采访时纷纷表示,南海仲裁案实际上是披着法律外衣的政治闹剧,临时仲裁庭罔顾法律和事实的裁决没有任何法律效力。这些专家学者支持中国在南海问题上的立场,同时呼吁对话协商和平解决南海争端。

美国国际问题专家、《全球策略信息》杂志华盛顿分社社长威廉•琼斯(William Jones, Washington Bureau Chief for Executive Intelligence Review)认为,临时仲裁庭在领土主权问题上没有发言权。他说,从一开始,整个仲裁就是为了指责中国不遵守国际法,或要求中国完全放弃领土要求。关于临时仲裁庭的组成,如果打一个比喻,就好比竞争球队之一在幕后与裁判串通以确定结果。琼斯认为,接下来,美国及其盟友会不断要求中国“遵守国际法”,向中国施压,同时也会千方百计让菲律宾维持立场。

加拿大自由新闻社(Canada Free Press)驻联合国记者约瑟夫•克雷恩(Joseph Klein)认为,当多边条约的一个缔约方试图利用条约中模糊之处谋取超越条约范围的利益时,此举将危害多边条约的法律和道义基础。他认为,临时仲裁庭独断专行,破坏缔约国之间通过外交和谈判解决争端的措施,通过扩大自己的权力,服务于本身狭隘的利益,损害了国家主权和国际法治。

曾任德国波茨坦大学法学教授的海因茨•科夫曼十分赞赏中国迄今为止在南海争端中表现出的坚持和克制,并支持中国在南海问题上的立场。他说,中国一贯维护国际法治以及公平和正义,坚持走和平发展道路。中国政府坚定致力于维护南海和平稳定,致力于同直接有关的当事国在尊重历史事实的基础上,根据国际法,通过谈判协商和平解决有关争议。根据《南海各方行为宣言》(以下简称《宣言》),由直接当事国通过对话协商解决领土和海洋权益争议,才是处理南海有关争议、维护地区和平稳定的唯一正确、切实可行的途径。

By Zhang Niansheng, Wu Yun and Guan Kejiang from the People’s Daily/NewsGhana.com.gh

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