Ghana has recorded two million tonnes emissions reductions per annum from 2011 to 2017 as the implementation of its national mitigation policies continues.
It is also committed to unconditional reduction of emission by 15 per cent below Business As Usual (BUA) emissions of 74 million tonnes by 2030.
This was contained in Ghana’s 2nd Biennial Update Report (BUR) presented by Mr John A. Pwamang, the Acting Executive Director of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), during a view sharing workshop at the ongoing climate conference in Spain.
A release signed by Mr Nasir Ahmad Yartey, Head of the Public Relations Unit of the Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI) and copied to the Ghana News Agency, said the report, however, indicates that Green House Gas (GHG) emission has increased by 7.1 per cent since 2012.
The release said rising population and urbanization, carbon-intensive economic growth and diversification, deforestation, road transportation, thermal electricity generation and solid waste disposal are key drivers of Ghana Green Gas emission trends.
It said in order to reverse these trends, Ghana has embedded her Climate Agenda for 2030 (Nationally Determined Contributions) into Ghana’s National Medium Term Development Plan 2017-2021.
“Additionally, Ghana has set aside 20 mitigation actions, 20 unconditional mitigation actions in forest plantation and fossil-fuel thermal power plants and 18 conditional mitigation action in forestry, energy, waste, transport and industry to achieve its emission goals,” the release said.
It said clean cooking, reduced natural gas flaring and reductions from electricity generation were the highest contributors to emission savings, which resulted into a cumulative total of 13.7 million from 2011 to 2017.
Briefing the workshop on enhancing inter-sectoral and Development Partner Coordination, Mr Peter Dery, the Acting Director for Environment at MESTI, said Ghana has over the years improved on coordination through inter-sectoral committees and working groups.
The release said the Ministry of Finance has developed a tracking tool to track all financial inflows from developments partners to Ministries, Departments and Agencies and that this would soon be extended to cover civil society and the private sector.
It said Christian Patricia Espanosa, the Executive Secretary of UNFCCC, called for increase in efforts to enable parties meet the global target of reducing global warming to two degrees against the pre-industrial level and the Sustainable Development Goals.