The problem of public transportations are varied and mostly observed in the Third World countries such as Ghana which are experiencing rapid demographic and economic growth, since successful growth is linked to improved mobility of people.
In Ghana, the modern public transportation system dates as far back as 1898 when the first rail line was constructed from Takoradi to Tarkwa for the commercial exploitation of gold, and the first road created between Accra Harbour (now Jamestown) and Dodowa to Larteh in 1905 for the export of palm fruits.
In 1927, the Accra Town Council operated bus services in Accra, Kumasi, Sekondi–Takoradi and Obuasi. Governments over the years have established bus service companies such as the Omnibus Services Authority (OSA), State Transport company (STC), City Express Services (CES), and lately Metro Mass Transit (MMT) Ltd.
For various reasons including government social obligations, environmental factors, energy considerations and the promotion of efficient public transportation to increase productivity and economic growth.
The informal sector has also operated and continues to operate transport services alongside the formal sector. Notable among the transport operators in the informal sector in the 1980s was King of Kings Ltd. Its bus operation, which was heavily patronized, was concentrated mainly on the Odorkor–Accra corridor.
The company’s operations could not survive the difficult and harsh environmental conditions of the industry hence collapsed in the late 1980s. Indeed if we were to make an assessment of the activities of the owner-driver and other private operators in the informal sector, there would be more failure stories than successful ones.
Similarly, operators like STC, CES AND OSA in the formal sector have not fared well either, and this compelled the government to divest STC and CES and to liquidate OSA in the 1990s. Concern raised by the public over the kind of public transport services being provided has become serious over the years.
This follows the decision by a renowned Russian Investor Mr.
Aleksandar Dimitrijevic Rott-Meyer, who is the CEO of Universal Exports Limited, and also owns a number of companieto to revamp the informal transportation business in the country, with brand new Mercedes Benz mini buses.
Funicular, Detachable In Circular Operations, offer very flexible routing straight and around bends, uphill and downhill. The size of the carriers varies, and single carriers can be connected to form trains.
With speeds of up to 14 m/s, funiculars are the fastest ropeways and offer the very best reliability and availability to meet public transport demands. They also meet the strict technical requirements of ropeway operation.
Funiculars can be designed for either circulating or jig-back operation.
In the circulating design, the haul rope forms an endless loop, with the cabins or cars evenly spaced along the cable and rotating along the track always in the same direction.
Circular operation is continuous, with transport capacity depending on carrier size and interval. The cable grip which connects the carrier to the haul rope is an automatically detachable, used on circulating short-distance passenger transport systems.
Here, the grip opens automatically at the station entrance, transferring the carrier to a conveyor system which decelerates or completely stops the carrier for comfortable passenger entry and exit.
Mr. Aleks added that, the project is an innovative modern urban transport system set to create more jobs for the people of Ghana at large.
It’s a low cost, attractive, a great alternative to ease the variety of traffic pressure on our roads, more especially in the urban centers or the cities.
On routes of up to 8 kilometers, MiniMetros offer urban transport capacities comparable to buses and trams, while occupying a relatively small footprint and climbing slopes which competing transport systems cannot surmount, at least not without huge additional technical complications.
According to Aleks, the first Phase of the mini metro bus transport project starts 2017-2018, where
Prediction of Works begins in September 2018. And the
First Line in operation begins inJanuary 2020.
Source: Newsghana.com.gh/ Sammy Adjei.