Professor Alfred Oteng-Yeboah, an environmentalist, has called on the government to tighten the pesticides’ approval process in Ghana to phase out harmful insect killers in the system.
He also urged the government to also clamp down on the influx of unapproved pesticides on the Ghanaian market.
Prof. Oteng-Yeboah was speaking at a workshop on “Highly Hazardous Pesticide (HHPs) use in Ghana’s Cocoa and Agricultural Landscape: The Way Forward” in Accra.
The workshop seeks to share the findings of a research conducted by Conservation Alliance (CA) under its Sector Partnership Programme (SPP) implemented over the past three years.
The Alliance is implementing a project focused on HHPsuse in Ghana in the Cocoa Sector and Agricultural landscape under the SPP. The SPP is funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of the Netherlands through Rainforest Alliance.
It also centred on the promotion and adoption of alternatives to HHPs.
He said if Ghana’s cocoa sector was to do very well, then the effects of pesticides use in Cocoa Production, especially on health and the environment, must be seriously looked at.
He said more research must be conducted to establish the effects of pesticides on the health of the environment and the communities as well as the cost to the economic growth in Ghana.
“Alternatives to the use of harmful pesticides in the agriculture production, especially Cocoa production must be vigorously pursued to boost productivity and also safeguard the health of farmers and the environment,” he added.
He expressed the hope that the workshop would bring to light ways to reduce the reliance on pesticides use in the Cocoa Sector and agriculture as a whole to the harmful effects of these pesticides was collectively phase-out.
Mr Raymond Owusu-Achiaw, the Programmes Officer, said with the project coming to an end in December 2020, CA sought to share some insights and findings, and also present on the progress made during this 3-year project.
He said it was to enhance farmers’ access subsidized Cocoa fertilizer, planting materials and pesticides and to promote the safe usage of approved pesticides.
It is also to promote alternatives including the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) to the use of HHPs in Cocoa farming.
On the outcome, the Programmes Officer said it would enhance farmers’ voice on issues affecting them like inputs distribution and IPM adoption.
He informed that it was also to improve relationship with stakeholders including COCOBOD, EPA and Parliament.
“It is to improve awareness on the use of HHPs among Cocoa farmers and the use of alternative IPM.
On the way forward, Mr Owusu-Achiaw said the Alliance sought to forge partnership with the French Facility for Global Environment to scale up the intervention.
He said the conclusions indicated that women cocoa farmers had slight lower knowledge of the use of pesticides in terms of good personal hygiene after pesticides use with the mode of application compared to their male counterparts.
“Women Cocoa farmers use HHPs just because of recommendation,” he said.
He said Cocoa farmers should be educated on HHPs and its consequences on them and the environment
Dr Richard Adu-Acheampong, Head, Entomology Division, Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana, said improved methods of surveillance for disease and pest prediction would assist in the early identification of specific problems.
He said the recently launched Cocoa Management System projects that COCOBOD would give real-time pest and disease hotspots for prompt action at all times.
“COCOBOD will give all spraying teams adequate training and support so they could operate as privatized service provider entities in the communities,” he said.
Dr Adu-Acheampong said the future strategy for disease and pest control would be based primarily on good agricultural practices and technologies aimed at avoiding or minimizing the effects of disease and pest.