Governments began meeting in Bangkok today to
prepare decisions that they will take at the next UN climate change
conference in Doha.
“Governments have promised to cut greenhouse gas emissions and help the
poor and vulnerable adapt to climate change. ?They know they must implement
these promises fully, raise their efforts before 2020 and redouble those
efforts again after 2020,” said Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of
the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
“Soon, in Doha, they must show implementation and set the pace towards
adopting a new, universal climate agreement by 2015. ?The next three years
are set to drive the next two decades of the international response to
climate change,” she said.
At the last UNFCCC conference, in Durban, South Africa, nations set
specific objectives for their 2012 meeting in Doha, Qatar (26 November to 7
December). These include essential work to trigger a new phase of greater
climate action and to take the next concrete steps to fill existing gaps in
the international policy response to climate change.
Three negotiating groups are meeting informally in Bangkok over the next
week. ?(See below for further details on each group).
One group will discuss how to amend the Kyoto Protocol, the existing treaty
under which industrialised countries commit to emissions cuts, so that it
continues into a second commitment period next year and its important
international infrastructure and accounting rules are preserved.
A second group is preparing to conclude the work which it began in 2007 and
which has resulted in a set of international agreements that aim to limit
the average global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius (beyond
which climate change becomes increasingly dangerous), to reduce greenhouse
gas emissions sufficiently to achieve this and to establish an adequate
support system to provide developing countries with finance and technology
to build their own sustainable, clean energy futures.
The third, new working group will discuss how to take the next steps
necessary to negotiate the new global climate change agreement, which must
be adopted by 2015 and enter into force from 2020, and how to raise
current inadequate global ambition to deal with climate change, including
cutting greenhouse gas emissions even faster.
A common theme running through the Bangkok meeting is how to make sure that
promised, adequate funds flow from developed to developing countries to
support their plans to deal with climate change. ?”All sides need a clearer
understanding on how to get to 100 billion USD a year by 2020 with no
gaps,” said Ms Figueres.
The location of the Bangkok meeting (to 5 September) is the United Nations
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP).
What the three working groups will be discussing in Bangkok in more detail:
1) ? ? ?The Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties
under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP)
? ? ? ? The first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol ends on 31 December
2012. Adopting amendments to the Kyoto Protocol in Doha with new
commitments is essential so that a seamless continuation of the Protocol
can be assured as of 1 January 2013.
? ? ? ? In Bangkok, negotiators can finish as much detail as possible to
smooth the way for final high-level political decisions that will see the
? ? ? ? Key issues under discussion include the length of the second
commitment period and how to convert targets into so-called quantified
emission limitation and reduction objectives (QELROs), the unit of binding
? ? ? ? Governments will further explore the legal formulation of the
amendment, including how to carry over unused emission credits of economies
in transition into the second phase of the Protocol.