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Governments urged to do more on existing gaps in Gender Equality

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Gender Equality In Africa Infographic English
Gender Equality In Africa Infographic English

A majority of Africans express support for gender equality in politics, land ownership, and  hiring, the latest Afrobarometer Pan-Africa Profile shows.  

But the report, based on nationally representative surveys in 39 African countries, also  documents persistent gender gaps, showing that women continue to trail men in education,  ownership of key assets, and control over household financial decisions. 

And while most citizens say women should have the same chance of being elected to public  office as men, a majority also think women who seek election are likely to face criticism or  harassment. 

African governments receive relatively positive ratings for their efforts to promote gender  equality, but nearly two-thirds of citizens say more needs to be done. 

Key findings 

On average across 39 African countries, a sizeable and (slowly) growing majority  (75%) of citizens say women should have the same chance of being elected to  public office as men (Figure 1). 

o But more than half (52%) say that a woman who runs for office is likely to be  criticised or harassed (Figure 2). 

Almost three-quarters (73%) of Africans say women should have the same rights as  men to own and inherit land. But views vary widely by country, with support for  equality dropping as low as 31% in Mauritania (Figure 3). 

o A narrower majority (58%) endorse women’s equal right to jobs, with support  ranging from 32% in Madagascar to 80% in Cabo Verde. 

Among persistent gender gaps documented in survey findings, women are less likely  than men to have secondary or post-secondary education (51% vs. 59%) (Figure 4). 

o Women also trail men in ownership of key productive assets such as motor  vehicles (15% vs. 31%) and bank accounts (34% vs. 43%). 

o Similarly, women are less likely than men to say they make household financial  decisions themselves (35% vs. 44%). 

Governments get relatively positive marks (56% approval) for their efforts to promote  gender equality (Figure 5), but nearly two-thirds (63%) of citizens say their  

governments should be doing more (Figure 6).

 

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