Ghana and most countries in the world captioned 2020 as a bad year due to the covid-19 global pandemic. The year 2020 has been a good year to others but some see it to be the cursed and lethargic year ever seen on earth since the H1N1 influenza in 1918.
The coronavirus pandemic has swiftly taken loved ones away from their kin and taken away happiness from the world as a whole. The virus originated from a city in China called Wuhan in the year 2019. The world realized the virus was deadly in the early days of 2020 after killing many infected persons in china
The virus spreads from one place to another through human contact and people get infected through the nostrils and mouth. The virus becomes effective after 2 weeks in your system. Within these 2 weeks, the symptoms associated with it pop out. Some symptoms associated with the virus are fever, dry cough, tiredness, aches and pains, sore throat, diarrhea, headache, loss of taste or smell, difficulty in breathing, chest pain or pressure, discoloration of fingers or toes etc.
Ghana recorded its first coronavirus with 2 cases on March 12, 2020. A press release signed by the minister for health Mr. Kwaku Agyeman Manu stated that the 2 recorded cases were imported into the country. Citizens in the country expressed shock at the situation and this made the president of the republic His Excellency Nana Addo Dankwah to close down schools, suspend festivals, close recreational centers, and suspend religious grounds, bars and beaches on March 15, 2020 till further notice in his first address to the nation. He also urged all Ghanaians to put on a face mask and wash their hands regularly with soap under running water. He also recommended alcohol based hand sanitizers should be used when water is not available at a specific location.
The recorded cases frightened the whole nation and seized production. People were petrified to go out with the intent of contacting the virus. Even though cautions were given to curb the coronavirus, it managed to spread from region to region putting the lives of the people at stake.
The president on his address to the nation on March 28 announced a lockdown on Greater Accra metropolitan area and Kumasi metropolitan area since majority of covid-19 cases were recorded there. The lockdown took effect from Monday March 30th, 2020 at 1am.
The president reiterated that, people can move to banks to do transactions and also go out to buy food but they shouldn’t move out when they have nothing to do. All government security personnel were on guard to ensure the order was obeyed. The lockdown took 2 weeks and was extended by a week more in the president’s address to the nation making it 3 weeks of lockdown. The ban was lifted in the president’s next address to the nation. The recorded cases as at when the lockdown was lifted was 8,070 recorded cases with 2,947 recoveries, 36 death cases and also 5,087 active cases.
In June 2020, the president released some partial restrictions on the places he locked down; this made the total cases recorded to rise.
The covid-19 virus lived with the people of Ghana and made things difficult for market women and tycoons who depended mainly on the public to sell their goods.
The president allowed final year students of universities to go and continue their studies on June 15, 2020 but must mind and adhere to all safety protocols. The president supplied free sanitizers and nose masks to public institutions and educated all on the virus.
After a year of commotion due to the covid-19 pandemic with more than 80,700 Ghanaian’s getting infected with the virus and over 580 lives being lost, the path to recovery for the people of Ghana began.
The arrival of the covid-19 vaccines into the country brought hope to the people of Ghana and expressed joy that the long awaited pandemic was coming to an end. Ghana was the first country to receive the covid-19 vaccines from the COVAX facility. Ghana received 600,000 COVAX vaccines (AstraZeneca / Oxford vaccine) licensed to the serum institute of India.
Citizens who were above 18 years took the first dose of the AstraZeneca and were given a covid-19 vaccination card which had the day they got their first dose written on it and the next time they should come for the second dose of the vaccine. Records were taken to ensure that the one taking the vaccine is above 18 years. The vaccines for children below 18 years also arrived and students were vaccinated through their various schools. Many citizens took the vaccine but others kept complaining the vaccine wasn’t safe.
The ministry of health and the Ghana health service advertised and spread information saying the vaccine is safe and there’s no health problem associated with it. The number of cases recorded in a day was dropping from huge numbers to smaller numbers with recovering cases rising.
The vaccination process is still undergoing and the government has urged all citizens to take a shot to help them from contacting the virus. Despite the vaccine’s presence in China, they are still in lockdowns. New cases of the virus are being recorded every blessed day leaving the people of china in trauma. The Ghanaian government also has urged all citizens to still observe all safety protocols even after vaccination because the virus still exists.