IES December 2021 Second Pricing Window Review

Source: IES Construct 2021, with data from
Source: IES Construct 2021, with data from


Reintroduction Of The Price Stabilization And Recvoery Levy (PSRL) To Push Fuel Prices Up In The New Year


Local Fuel Market Performance

The price of fuel on the local Ghanaian market experienced a marginal decrease within the window under assessment. Price of petroleum products at the beginning of the second Pricing-window od December 2021 saw majority of the Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) reduce their prices at the pump by 1.5%. The current National Average price for both products is pegged at Gh¢6.50 per litre, a 1.21% reduction from the previous window’s price of Gh¢6.58 per litre.

The IES Market-Scan picked Benab Oil, PetroSankofa, Star Oil, Goodness Oil and Top Oil as the OMCs with the least-priced fuel on the local market for the window under review. Prices of these OMCs ranged between Gh¢6.330 and Gh¢6.47per litre for both products.

The OMCs with the highest priced were Semanhyia (Gh¢6.70), Engen, Total, Shell (Vivo) and Puma, all selling at Gh¢6.65 per litre for all products.
World Oil Market
The International Benchmark Brent Crude saw its price rise within the period with prices selling on average at about $74.75 per barrel, representing an increment of 8.18% from the previous window’s average price of $69.10 per barrel.

For this pricing-window, the spike in cases of the pandemic, led mainly by the Omicron variant of the virus sparked some fear of demand destruction among traders. The rapidly growing number of Omicron cases worldwide has raised concerns about another period of sluggish demand. Currently, Omicron has already established itself as the main COVID strain in the United States, and nearing the dominant strain status in many European countries as well.
Despite early indications that Omicron will be less severe by the World Health Organization (WHO) and other allied agencies and institutions, the market will need to wait out this period of negative news before reclaiming its positive mood and return fully to the prices prior to the announcement of the variant.
The markets reacted to the news within the window, causing prices to tumble from above $75 per barrel to reach near $70 per barrel.

Within the same period, the supply issues with the Libyan crude influenced traders’ reaction on the markets, forcing prices to prop-up. The situation only forced a temporary support for oil producers as prices increased with the skirmishes in Libya, leading to a force majeure on oil exports and providing some upward pressure on prices.

The news of US crude oil inventories apparently falling for the fourth week in a row also caused some changes in the oil market. The falling U.S. oil inventories as announced by the American Petroleum Industry further propped-up oil prices.

The price of the refined products, Gasoline and Gasoil prices as monitored on Standard and Poor’s global Platt’s platform however experienced marginal changes within the period. The price of Gasoline increased by 3.25% to close the window at $707.75 per metric tonne from its earlier price of $685.68 per metric tonne. Price of Gasoil also increased within the period by 2.09% to close trading at $641.38 per metric tonne from its earlier price of $628.28 per metric tonne in the previous window.
Local Forex
Data monitored by the IES Economic Desk from the Foreign Exchange (Forex) market shows that the Cedi depreciated further against the U.S. Dollar by 0.5% in the just ended pricing window to close trading Gh¢6.24 to the US Dollar from the previous window’s rate of Gh¢6.21 to the US Dollar.

For the January First Pricing-Window, the 8.18% increase in the price of the International Benchmark- Brent crude, the 3.25% increase in price of Gasoline, the 2.09% increase in Gasoil price, the 0.5 per cent depreciation of the cedi against the US Dollar and the reintroduction of the PSRL; the Institute for Energy Security (IES) projects for price of fuel on the domestic market at the various pumps to increase by at least GHp18, representing a 2.8% increase.

Research Analyst, IES

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