“The inaction of many governments has caused the untold suffering of millions and many of them have deepened the world’s problems through their ill-conceived strategies to solve them,” the organisation said.
This was contained in the 2015 Amnesty International’s Report on Human Rights carried out in 160 countries and read by Mr Lawrence Amesu, Director, Amnesty International, Ghana, in Accra on Wednesday.
The report cited the Syrian conflict as one horrific example of the human consequences of the system failure of institutions to uphold international law.
Amnesty International urged Ban Ki Moon, the UN Secretary General, to be bold in his last year in office to act to ensure his legacy by coming out with a radical approach to the shattered system of refugee protection and to also deal with any UN member country which flouted human rights rules.
The report, which investigated human rights abuses in 160 countries and territories worldwide, had more than 60 million people displaced from their homes in 2015.
The report noted that 156 human rights defenders from the 160 countries died in detention or were killed last year, while torture or ill-treatment by state authorities were recorded in at least 122 countries.
The report recorded unfair trials in 88 countries with extra judicial killings being carried out in at least 42 countries.
“At least 30 countries illegally forced refugees to return to countries where they would be in danger, with war crimes or violation of international humanitarian law taking place in 19 countries.
On Africa’s success stories, the report lauded Shell Nigerian for its decision to pay 55 million Pounds settlement fees to farmers and fishermen in Bodo, Nigeria, whose lives were devastated by Shell’s activities, after pressure from Amnesty International.
“The Court of Appeal in Sudan also overturned the conviction of Ferdous Al Toum, a teenager found guilty of indecent dressing and sentenced to 20 lashes and a fine of 500 Sudanese pounds,” the report stated.