In 2022, mobile technologies and services generated five per cent of global GDP, a contribution that amounted to $5.2 trillion of economic value added, according to GSMA’s Mobile Economy Report released this week.
Out of the total, productivity effects contributed the biggest – which is $3.5 trillion, followed by mobile operators, which generated $650 billion.
The GSMA report said the mobile sector also made a substantial contribution to the funding of the public sector, with around $530 billion raised through taxes on the sector.
The biggest drivers were services VAT, sales taxes and excise duties, which generated $210 billion, followed by employment taxes and social security, which generated $160 billion.
The GSMA, which represents the interest of over 400 operators across the globe, including Ghana, added that mobile operators and the wider mobile ecosystem provided direct employment to around 16 million people across the world. In addition, it said the economic activity in the ecosystem generated 12 million jobs in other sectors, meaning that around 28 million jobs were directly or indirectly supported.
On growth trajectory, GSMA believes by 2025, mobile’s contribution will reach $5.6 trillion and by 2030 will exceed $6 trillion as countries around the world increasingly benefit from the improvements in productivity and efficiency brought about by the increased take-up of mobile services.
Indeed, checks by The Guardian showed that data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) revealed that activities from the ICT sector contributed 16.22 per cent to Nigeria’s real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Q4, 2022.
According to NBS, the ICT sector is composed of four sub-sectors including telecommunications and information services; publishing; motion picture; sound recording and music production and Broadcasting. The Q4 2022 leaped by 0.87 per cent, when compared to 15.35 per cent recorded in Q3, 2022 and 1.01 per cent, when compared to the same period in 2021.
To the bureau, for 2022, ICT total contribution to the country’s GDP was 16.51 per cent as against the 15.51 per cent of 2021.
Further analysis showed that the ICT sector’s real growth rate of 10.35 per cent, this was boosted by the activities in the telecommunications sub-sector, which added 13.35 per cent to the GDP in real terms.
Largely, the ICT sector contributed 10.42 per cent to the Nominal GDP in Q4, 2022, which was higher than the rate of 9.98 per cent recorded in the same quarter of 2021 and higher than the 9.58 per cent it contributed in the preceding quarter.
Speaking on the mobile industry’s impact on the Sustainable Development Goals, GSMA noted that in 2016, the mobile industry became the first sector to commit to the 17 UN SDGs. It noted that each year since then, the GSMA has measured the impact of the mobile industry across all SDGs.
The telecoms body said the most recent analysis showed that the mobile industry increased its impact on all SDGs in 2021, with the average year on-year increase accelerating compared with 2020, adding that the average SDG impact score across the 17 SDGs reached 53 (meaning the mobile industry is achieving 53 per cent of what it could potentially contribute to the SDGs), up from 49 in 2020 and 32 in 2015.
According to the GSMA, there are now 11 SDGs where mobile’s contribution is over 50, compared to six SDGs in 2020 and none in 2015.
It said the mobile industry continues to achieve its highest impact on SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, driven by the reach of mobile networks and take-up of mobile Internet services.
GSMA noted that the biggest improvements were recorded in the industry’s contribution to SDG 1: No Poverty; SDG 2: Zero Hunger and SDG 4: Quality Education. It said this was due to the increasing proportion of people using mobile for activities such as accessing government services, applying and searching for jobs, and obtaining educational information for themselves or their children.
The report also noted that there was also an improvement in the affordability of mobile data and devices. This comes after affordability worsened in 2020 because of the decline in per capita income due to the COVID-19 pandemic.