Over 14,000 Migrants Violently Displaced From Algeria Since The Beginning Of The Year

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From January to May 2022, 14,196 migrant people were expelled from Algeria, and abandoned in the middle of the desert at the Algerian-Nigerian border, in the so-called “Zero Point” area 15 km from the town of Assamaka, according to MSF.

Among the 2,000 people deported each month from Algeria and Libya are seriously injured, women raped or severely traumatized.

Nearly 70% of the people supported by Médecins Sans Frontière (MSF) testify having suffered violence and abuse at the borders of Algeria and Libya. « The seriousness of the abuses committed against subsaharan migrants is indisputable.
The testimonies of our patients and their physical and mental health upon their arrival in our health facilities prove that these people have experienced extreme violence during their expulsion from Algerian and Libyan territories,” said Jamal Mrrouch head of mission of MSF in Niger.

In 2021, 27,208 migrants were deported from Algeria in inhumane conditions to Assamaka on the Niger border. This represents an increase of over 17% over 2020.

The initiatives launched by the European Union to curb the migratory phenomenon oblige migrants and smugglers to use excessively dangerous corridors in the desert to avoid controls. As a result, the exploitation of migrants by traffickers has increased. Migration routes have become more deadly.

For displaced migrants in Niger, access to basic services, including health care, is becoming very complicated. Since 2018, MSF teams have regularly organized missions to help migrants lost or abandoned in the desert.

By supporting several Integrated Health Centers and mobile clinics in the Agadez region, MSF teams provide free health care, psychosocial support, referrals for complicated cases and emergency evacuations.

In 2021, more than 47,000 medical consultations were conducted, including 34,276 mental health consultations. Thirty-eight (38) bodies were found between 2020 and 2021.

Faced with this situation, MSF is calling on the regional authorities and their partners to find urgent and appropriate responses to put an end to the mistreatment of displaced migrants from Algeria and Libya in the Sahel desert.

“As a humanitarian actor and witness to the terrible suffering of thousands of migrants in this region of the Sahel, it is our duty to denounce this humanitarian tragedy,” said Jamal Mrrouch.

It is also our duty to appeal to the authorities concerned, to the European Union and to humanitarian partners to take immediate action to respect human dignity in border control. We can no longer simply ignore this situation and think that the problem will solve itself.”

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