In 2016, the world underwent profound changes.
With Brexit and the election of Donald Trump, the world witnessed two “black swan”events. The rise of far-right parties and populism in Europe are posing an unprecedentedchallenge to globalization. Meanwhile, the threat of terrorism shows no sign of abating,indicating that the world needs a new approach to counter-terrorism. Security in northernAsia, which is veering away from the path of peaceful development, has attracted concernfrom the international community. All the while, China has been steadily moving forwardby tackling hard issues and embracing reform.
Amid these often disturbing developments, China has boosted the world’s economy byhosting the G20 summit, made essential contributions to activating the Paris Agreement,upped its participation in global financial governance by the inclusion of RMB in theInternational Monetary Fund’s Special Drawing Right (SDR) basket, and won support inopposing the invalid South China Sea arbitration.
The universe always moves along its own path, and history will never stop marchingforward, despite temporary disturbances. Time will flush away fear and tears; peace,justice and inclusiveness are the laws of nature. Looking ahead, the year 2017 is full ofhope.
1. Gravitational waves detected, “voice of space” heard by humans for firsttime
On Feb. 11, the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced the detection ofgravitational waves. In June, scientists declared again that they had clearly detectedgravitational waves — a significant physics milestone.
2. Refugee crisis in Europe continued, populism rose
The huge influx of refugees has caused social issues in a number of European countries,prompting members of the EU to tighten refugee policies. In May, the EU Council allowedsome countries within the Schengen Area to extend internal border control, and theEuropean Commission proposed extending the measure. In December, Italian PrimeMinister Matteo Renzi resigned after a major constitutional referendum failed.Meanwhile, populist parties such as the National Front in France and the Alternative forGermany are gaining popularity around Europe.
3. Britain voted to leave EU
Over half of British voters voiced their preference to leave the EU in a June referendum,and Britain’s prime minister resigned shortly thereafter. The country will officially startworking toward Brexit before March 2017. Brexit has left other European countriesanxious in the face of economic depression, the refugee crisis and terrorist attacks. Thisgrowing anxiety and desire for change is challenging the unified identity of Europe.
4. South Korea, the U.S., North Korea and Japan made momentous decisions,adding to security concerns in northeast Asia
In July, South Korea announced plans to deploy THAAD (Terminal High-Altitude AreaDefense). Before and after that, North Korea conducted two nuclear tests. Since March,Japan has implemented new security laws and passed a new version of the Defense WhitePaper to boost the operational and geographical scope of Japan’s forces oversea, whichmeans Japan has abandoned its pacifist constitution.
5. China resolutely safeguarded international rule of law, South China Seaarbitration farce came to an end
From the beginning, China always opposed the South China Sea arbitration launched bythe Philippines. China’s stance won understanding and support from nearly 120 countriesand 240 political parties. During Phillippines President Duterte’s visit to China in October,the two countries reached a consensus to solve the South China Sea dispute throughnegotiation.
6. Fresh global terrorist attacks raised concerns
On July 14, at least 84 people were killed in a terrorist attack in Nice, France. On Dec. 19,the Russian ambassador to Turkey was assassinated. Terrorist attacks have plagued manycountries this year, including Belgium, Turkey and Egypt. At the same time, anti-extremism wars are ongoing in Iraq and Syria. In many ways, terrorism has globalized,becoming more fragmented and widespread. China’s proposition to consolidate the role ofthe UN in coordinating counter-terrorism efforts has been widely recognized.
７. G20 summit a success in Hangzhou, China contributed to globalgovernance
The Group of 20 (G20) summit was held in the eastern Chinese city of Hangzhou fromSept. 4-5. At the summit, Chinese President Xi Jinping called for the establishment of aninnovative, open, interconnected and inclusive world economy, clearly enumeratingChina’s view on global economic governance. The G20 summit facilitated pioneeringachievements in economic innovation and financial governance, promoting internationaltrade and investment and pushing forward development.
８. RMB included in Special Drawing Rights (SDR) basket by IMF, ascendingto heart of global finance
On Oct. 1, the RMB officially joined the SDR basket for the first time, in a landmarkrecognition of China’s increased role in the global economy. The milestone demonstratesmajor progress in the evolution of the international financial system.
９. Paris Agreement took effect, offering legal basis for global climategovernance
The Paris Agreement, which officially took effect on Nov. 4, is seen as a new chapter in thefight to tackle climate change. The agreement provides a firm legal basis for global actionsaimed at solving climate issues. China’s efforts in pushing forward the agreement werehighly praised by the international community at the November UN Climate ChangeConference in Marrakech, Moroco.
10. Donald Trump elected next U.S. president, polarizing citizens
Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump beat his rival, Democratic nomineeHillary Clinton, to claim the 45th U.S. presidency. Trump’s campaign exacerbated politicaldivisions, which reflected the plight of social segregation in American politics.
1. U.S. Scientists announce the detection of gravitational waves
2. Refugees on their way back to Turkey following rejection of their applications for
asylum in Greece
3. Anti-Brexit protesters gather around parliament in Britain
4. South Koreans protest THAAD
5. Overseas Chinese in Australia hold massive parade to protest South China Sea
6. French people pay tribute to victims of Nice terror attack
7. 11th G20 summit held in Hanghzou, Zhejiang province
8. President of Kenya branch of South Africa’s Standard Bank exchanges RMB
9. People gather outside site of UN Climate Change Conference in Marrakech, Morocco,
calling for efforts to protect the environment
10. New Yorkers protest outcome of U.S. presidential election
Source: People’s Daily/NewsGhana.com.gh