After rapid development over past decades, China’s railway industry has made great progress in both technology and the various railway services, and has taken solid steps in developing international markets by undertaking large construction projects abroad.
The following are some of the major railway construction projects undertaken by China’s railway industry in Africa and Latin America.
In the 1960s-1970s, the Chinese government sent thousands of engineers and construction workers to help build the railroad linking Tanzania and Zambia after both had shaken off their colonial rulers.
The construction of the 1,860-km broad gauge Tanzania-Zambia railway, which was called a “road of friendship” by local people, started in October 1970 in Tanzania and Zambia, and was completed in June 1975, taking four years and eight months to complete.
Some 50,000 Chinese traveled thousands of miles to help with the construction efforts and 65 of them lost lives in the process.
Apart from personnel support, the Chinese government also provided funds, equipment and materials for the maintenance and upgrading of the railroad.
The Tanzania-Zambia railway has become one of the main trunk lines in southeastern Africa, and a key link connecting railroads in countries of the region.
EAST AFRICAN RAILWAY NETWORK
China in May 2014 signed a deal to build a rail link worth 3.8 billion U.S. dollars between Kenya’s Mombasa and Nairobi, which is actually the first phase of a line that will eventually connect Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and South Sudan.
Under the deal, Exim Bank of China will provide 90 percent of the cost to replace the decades-old British colonial-era line with a 609.3 km standard-gauge link, while Kenya will fund the balance of 10 percent.
The Chinese-built Standard Gauge Railway project is intended to facilitate transportation and boost trade in the eastern Africa region.
It is expected to cover a distance of about 2,935 km, featuring passenger trains with a speed of 120 km per hour and freight trains designed to move at 80 km per hour.
In 2015, a 1,344-km railroad project spanning the African country of Angola was complete and was put into operation.
The line, built by the China Railway Construction Corporation (CRCC), boasts the fastest traveling speed in the country and will serve as a significant economic corridor there.
The railway linking the coastal city of Lobito in the west and Luau bordering Angola is the second longest railway built by a Chinese company for Africa, after the Tanzania-Zambia railway.
The railway, built since 2004, will be linked with the Angola-Zambian railway and the Tanzania-Zambia railway in the future.
TRANSCONTINENTAL SOUTH AMERICAN RAILWAY
In July 2014, China, Brazil and Peru agreed to build a railway that runs across the South American continent, which is aimed at linking the Brazilian Atlantic coast with the Peruvian Pacific coast.
The agreement came after a meeting of Chinese President Xi Jinping and his Brazilian and Peruvian counterparts, Dilma Rousseff and Ollanta Humala.
The three leaders exchanged views on boosting the construction of transport infrastructure in South America and promoting inter-connectivity between South American and Asian markets.
In his separate talks with Rousseff and Humala, Xi stressed Beijing’s readiness to expand win-win cooperation in infrastructure construction with Latin American countries, and called for concerted efforts in building the transcontinental South American railway into a success. Enditem