The navy said it assisted the Sri Lanka Coast Guard in arresting the fishermen at two different locations in the north and north-western seas.
Indian fishermen have been arrested over the past few years for poaching in Sri Lankan waters and both countries are still struggling to resolve the issue.
Indian media reports last week quoted Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj as saying she had held consultations with top Sri Lankan leadership to resolve the issue of fishermen from India.
She said a meeting of ministers dealing with fisheries from both countries will be convened in May to evolve a mechanism to resolve the lingering issue.
The indian minister also said the government will enforce installation of GPS systems on fishing boats to steer them clear of maritime boundaries.
Last week fishermen in the south Indian Tamil Nadu state staged protests demanding the immediate release of fellow fishermen lodged in Sri Lankan jails. Enditem