The UN And Its Placid Work In The War

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United Nations
UNITED NATIONS
United-Nations-logoIn the aftermath of a devastating world war, the United Nations (UN) was founded in 1945 to give international relations a more secure foundation. Since then, the world has lived through years clouded by the rivalry of two major power blocs, the threat of nuclear holocaust and seemingly endless regional conflicts. During this time, the united nation has often been called upon to prevent a dangerous situation from escalating into war and to persuade opposing parties to use the conference table rather than resort to arms.
In some situations the United Nations has established peace-keeping forces. These forces are made up of contingents of troops from member states. The forces help to prevent more fighting, to restore and maintain order and to provide humanitarian assistance. They carry light arms and are allowed to use fore only if they are attacked, or if armed person try to stop them from carrying out orders of their commanders. If they were to use force first against whoever might be threatening the peace, they would break the UN?s most basic peace-keeping principle to intervene in a dispute only with the consent of all the parties involved.
Over the years, United Nations peace-keeping forces have played a significant role in Cyprus, the Middle East and the Congo (now Zaire).Let us take the last of these as an example. The Republic of Congo, a former Belgium Colony, became independent on 3oth June 1960.In the days that followed, disorder broke out, and Belgium sent troops in to the country, stating that the aim was to protect and evacuate Europeans.
On 12th?July 1960, the Congolese government asked for military assistance to protect the national territory of the Congo against external aggression. Two day later the Security Council called upon Belgium to withdraw its troops from the Congo. The council also authorized the secretary general to give military assistance to the Congolese government until the national security forces could, in the government?s opinion, meet their tasks fully.
In a jiffy point in time and in less than 48hours, contingents of the UN forces provided by a number of countries including Asian and African states, began to arrive in the Congo. Over the subsequent four years, the task of the UN in the Congo was to help the Congolese Government restore and maintain the political independence and territorial integrity of the country.
The main problem was the attempted secession, led and financed by foreign elements, of the province of the Katanga. The prime minister of the Congo, Patrice Lumumba, was assassinated in Katanga in early 1961 and the UN force had to be strengthened. At its peak strength the Force numbered nearly20, 000 officers and men. In September and December 1961, and again in December 1962, the secessionist fighters under the command of foreign mercenaries clashed with the UN force. The UN secretary general, Dag hammarskjoid, lost his life on 17thSeptember 1961 when his plane clashed on the way to Ndola, Zambia, where talks were to be held to halt the fighting.
In February 1963,after Katanga had been brought back to the national territory of the Congo, a phasing out of the force was begun, with the end of the year planned as the date for their complete withdrawal. At the request of the Congolese Government, however, the General assembly agreed that some of the troops could stay on for a further six months. The UN troops were completely withdrawn by 30th?June 1964.
In 1988,the noble peace prize was awarded to all the UN forces from the 18 peace-keeping missions which had served since1945.During the prize giving ceremony, a moment of uncanny silence was kept to honour the 733 peace-keepers who had lost their lives in the meritorious service of the UN .The chairman of the noble committee said, ?They came from different??countries and had widely different backgrounds,??but they were united in one thing: they were willing to devote their youth and their energy to the service of peace. They volunteered to the service, knowing that it could involve risk. It became their lot to pay the highest price a human being can pay??.
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