Like last year, London, New York, Paris and Tokyo took the top four spots, in that order, while Los Angeles, San Francisco and Hong Kong showed significant improvement.
? London, which has held the top spot every year since hosting the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, ranked among the top three in all categories except Livability and Environment this year. With a long-term focus on redevelopment, the city continues to pursue development projects, including post-Olympic initiatives such as the establishment of Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park and construction of the Crossrail line.
? New York, home to many of the world?s top universities and the largest number of theaters and concert halls, is an inspiring environment for the talented individuals that gather there. New York held on to second place for the fourth year running, trailing only London.
? Paris was first in Livability and Accessibility, largely due to its concentration of cultural, historical and traditional sites within a compact city center, making its urban assets highly accessible to visitors and residents alike. Paris has stayed in third place since 2008.
? Tokyo strengthened its Cultural Interaction, as reflected in the city?s rapid increase in foreign visitors and exchange students. Tokyo has held on to fourth place since 2008.
? Los Angeles, San Francisco and Boston significantly improved their rankings, largely due to continuing economic recovery from the 2008 financial crisis and accompanying improvements in Livability.
? Increasing international flights for passengers and cargo raised Singapore?s Accessibility, closing the gap with Tokyo. Beijing and Shanghai fell in their rankings, as in the last few years, while Hong Kong greatly improved its score for Livability and jumped ahead in the overall ranking.
? Geneva, Frankfurt, Stockholm, Zurich and Vienna took the top five spots in Environment thanks to highly advanced environmental policies. Elsewhere, Vancouver made huge gains in its Environment ranking to jump from 23rd to 7th.
?Today, over 50 percent of the world?s population lives in cities. Due to the influx of people, goods, money and information, cities have become hubs for global innovation and trendsetting, creating new energy that hastens further influx,? says Dr. Hiroo Ichikawa, Executive Director of The Mori Memorial Foundation.
?GPCI is one of the few reports that assesses top cities from a comprehensive perspective, providing policymakers and developers with keen insights to grasp the strengths, weaknesses and untapped potential of key cities worldwide.?
?The 2015 GPCI provides valuable insights into not only the competitive ranking of global cities, but also into the factors that impact the significant changes we saw in the rankings this year,? says Vishaan Chakrabarti, Principal, SHoP Architects; Professor of Practice, Columbia University. ?The message is quite clear: in order for global cities to compete for increasingly mobile human capital, they must improve the quality of life they offer residents and businesses in terms of great design, efficient infrastructure, a cleaner environment and diverse cultural exuberance.?
The institute has published the GPCI report annually since 2008. GPCI uses 70 indicators spread among the six functions of Economy, R&D, Cultural Interaction, Livability, Environment and Accessibility, analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of global cities amid intensifying competition.
The rankings also reflect the viewpoints of global managers, researchers, artists, visitors and residents. GPCI, highly regarded by organizations worldwide, is used for urban development and branding by policymakers around the world.
Source : Business Wire