While briefing the UN Security Council on the current situation in Somalia, Keathing said, “It gives me particular pleasure to share some breaking news with you.
“This is the culmination of almost six months of intense consultations,” he said. “It may be a watershed moment, marking the growing political maturity of a federal Somalia.”
Earlier Thursday, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, in a statement issued here by his spokesman, congratulated the Somali leadership on this decision, noting that it paves the way for a timely transition at the expiry of the current institutions’ term.
“He particularly applauds the commitment to representation of women and minority groups, including that women will comprise 30 percent of the next Parliament, in line with the Mogadishu Declaration of December 2015,” the statement said.
The UN chief also reiterated the urgency of establishing a political roadmap towards universal suffrage in Somalia by 2020, to ensure continued momentum in the war-torn country’s transition to democracy.
In the Security Council, Keating, who is also the head of the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), said the electoral model is Somali-devised, Somali-led and Somali-owned, adding that real momentum could and should result from the “breakthrough” achieved Thursday.
Meanwhile, he said his two weeks as special representative in the African nation “have not been Somalia’s easiest,” marked by tough political negotiations and marred by two terrorist attacks.
“Somalia’s security requires a comprehensive approach,” he said, highlighting the secretary-general’s recently announced Plan of Action for Preventing Violent Extremism.
“Our political, security, development and human rights efforts must proceed together,” he said.
Noting that military and counterterrorism efforts need to be accompanied by stronger policing and rule of law, Keating added that a priority must be to strengthen federal and regional capabilities within Somalia as a basis for a longer term transition plan for the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), which has been in the country since 2007.
“Too many civilians and too many soldiers are dying. Al-Shabab remains a potent threat,” the senior UN official warned, while nonetheless stating he is encouraged by the commitments made by the President of Somalia, Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud, to security sector reform.
Turning to the humanitarian situation, Keating said the situation is very concerning. “Millions of children, women and elderly people are acutely vulnerable and in total some 4.9 million people, representing 40 percent of the total population, are in need of humanitarian assistance.”
According to UN estimates, more than 1.1 million civilians remain internally displaced and some 300,000 children under age five are acutely malnourished. Millions also lack access to basic healthcare, water and sanitation. The head of UNSOM called for the UN’s recently launched humanitarian response plan to be “generously” supported. Enditem