Former President John Agyekum Kufuor says it is time Ghana abolished the Council of State concept in Its governance structure.
He said the Council in the current democratic dispensation had outlived its usefulness and “not fit for purpose”.
“I have had a chance to express my views on the Council of State, very honourable distinguished institution, well meaning. But, I can say I don’t think it is fit for purpose giving the state of development of our country and given the fact that, the nation is committed to practicing democratic governance.”
The former President said this at a seminar organised by the Professor Mike Oquaye Centre for Constitutional Studies at the Institute for Economic Affairs (IEA), in Aburi, Eastern Region, on Tuesday.
The seminar formed part of a series of engagements the Institute was undertaking to solicit input towards a possible review of Ghana’s 1992 Constitution.
The former President proposed that, instead of the Council of State, the country should set up a second chamber to play the advisory role to government.
In recent times, the relevance of the Council of State, has been questioned with some political commentators, academia and civil society organisations suggesting that the body had outlived its useful and should be abolished.
Former President Kufuor explained that though framers of the Constitution thought it wise to set up such a body to advise the President, the Council was no longer useful.
He said: “… We limit the uses of Council of State to advising just the President,” and that often, the President decided whether or not to take the advice.
“So, I have gone through all these periods and I have come to a conclusion, perhaps, what our Constitution should have to temper the extremes of democracy is not a Council of State but a second chamber, second chamber well composed not on basis of democracy so much. Democracy should always be implied in there though but not entirely democratically but more on prove and experience, prove in public spiritedness, prudence, maturity, care for the nation, inclusive.
“If we do that, and allow this second chamber to operate openly, in full glare of publicity, then the wisdom that would be issued from their deliberations would impact not only the President.. ,” he added.
The former President added that the term of the second chamber must not be tied to the tenure of any government to ensure that there was continuity in the provision of development for the people.
On limiting of the appointing powers of the President, the former President said the country must practice the checks and balances in its pure form, especially among the lead organs of State.
He called for the amendment of sections of the Constitution that empowered presidents to appoint about 50 per cent of Ministers from Parliament.
“The legislature should be apart, people being elected there should be encouraged to professionalise themselves as legislators so they will play the guard dogs or watchdogs on the executive,” he said.
The former President also urged that political parties were allowed to participate in elections at the local level.