The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) launched a long-range rocket Sunday morning, according to a report by South Korean news agency Yonhap.
The launch, initially slated for Feb. 8-25 and later brought forward to between Feb. 7 and Feb. 14, may lead to the UN Security Council slapping fresh sanctions on Pyongyang.
Following are previous UN resolutions containing sanction measures adopted after the DPRK’s ballistic missile and nuclear tests.
July 15, 2006 — The UN Security Council unanimously approved Resolution 1695 in response to DPRK’s launching seven missiles into waters between Korean Peninsula and Japan, including long-range Taepodong-2 on July 5, 2006.
The resolution urged the DPRK to reestablish its pre-existing commitments to a moratorium on missile launching.
It also called on all parties concerned to exercise restraint, to take no actions that might deteriorate the tense situation, and to resolve the issue through political and diplomatic means.
Oct. 14, 2006 — The UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1718 in the wake of the DPRK’s first underground nuclear test conducted on Oct. 9, 2006 in North Hamgyong-do in the northeast of the country.
The resolution condemned the DPRK’s nuclear test as a “clear threat” to international peace and prohibited Pyongyang from conducting future nuclear tests or launching a ballistic missile.
The sanctions of Resolution 1718 included an embargo against military and technological materials and luxury goods, and prevent the transfer of funds related to missiles, nuclear arms, and other weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
The resolution prohibited trade of heavy weapons, such as tanks, armored combat vehicles, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships, missiles or missile systems.
It also imposed a travel ban on individuals and their families who supported or promoted the DPRK’s WMD programs.
June 12, 2009 — The UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1874 in response to the DPRK’s second nuclear test conducted on May. 25, 2009, voicing “the strongest condemnation” against the DPRK authorities and strengthening previous sanctions stipulated in Resolution 1718.
The resolution expanded the arms embargo by banning all imports and exports of weapons, excluding small arms.
It called upon all UN members to inspect all cargo to and from the DPRK within their territories suspected of being containing nuclear and missile-related items.
The resolution also called on all UN members and international lending agencies to refrain from extending new loans and other financial assistance to the DPRK other than for humanitarian purposes.
Jan. 22, 2013 — The UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2087 after the DPRK successfully launched and orbited the second version of the Kwangmyongsong-3 satellite on Dec. 12, 2012.
The resolution required the DPRK to comply with all relevant resolutions approved by the Security Council and not to use the ballistic missile technology for any launch.
It also reiterated to seek a peaceful, diplomatic and political solution to the issues concerned and advocated the renewal of six-party talks over the denuclearization issue on the Korean Peninsula.
March 7, 2013 — The UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2094 in response to the DPRK’s third nuclear test conducted on Feb. 12, 2013.
The resolution demanded that the DPRK not proceed with any further nuclear tests, give up any nuclear arms program and return to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
The resolution also called for peaceful, diplomatic and political resolution to the current situation and a resumption of the six-party talks.
Under the resolution, UN member states are required to inspect all of the DPRK’s maritime and air cargo “within or transiting through their territory” if it’s believed to contain illicit items.
The resolution called on states to deny any DPRK vessel entry to their ports or airfields if the vessel refused to be inspected.
It also expressed its determination to take “further significant measures” in the event of the DPRK’s additional rocket launch or nuclear test. Enditem